~ Gallery - Dwellings ~
The Ellowes
Ellowes Hall c1900
Built on or near the site of the earlier building 'Faradays Cottage', or 'Ellors' as it was also known, already had some park and gardens.
Described in 1818 in Parson and Bradshaw's Staffordshire General & Commercial Directory.
"Ellers, on the west side of this parish [Sedgley], is a pleasing specimen of the taste of S. Fereday, Esq. in ornamental gardening: several varieties of the most delicious and highly flavoured fruits are cultivated in great profusion."
John Turton Fereday commissioned the house in 1821 after the land was purchased from Viscount Dudley and Ward in 1820, the building was completed in 1824.
The architect was the acclaimed Thomas Lee Junior from Devon, who later went on to design churches at Sedgley, Coseley and Netherton, tragically Thomas Lee died in a swimming accident in 1834.
The Hall was built of Gornal Stone and sited on a rise overlooking where the present Ellowes Hall School stands, and had extensive views of the Shropshire countryside.
A large Orangery featured on the south side of the house.
After a decline in Fereday's wealth, he vacated The Ellowes and moved to "The Quarries", a smaller but fine house in Kent Street, Upper Gornal in 1838, 'Quarry Hall' as it was called in 1841 census was occupied by younger brother William Turton Fereday, age 50, who was described as a Stone Merchant', his wife was Elizabeth Anne.
See more about John Turton Fereday here.
A succession of owners followed.
1850-1854 William Baldwin.
The Baldwin family owned an ironworks in Bilston.
William Baldwin died in 1854 and his brother John continued to live at the Ellowes.
1854-1860 John Baldwin.
Mr. Baldwin moved out in 1860 and the Hall was let to William Burrows until 1865 when it was sold.
1865-1872 Charles Cochrane.
Another industrialist, he was also Mayor of Dudley 1865-1866.
In 1869 Cochrane took out a patent for improvements to the preparation for iron ores for smelting.
1872-1891 Sir Horace St. Paul.
The new owner of the Ellowes was the son of Sir Horace David Cholwell St. Paul of Ewart Park, Northumberland, whose wife was Anna Maria Ward, the daughter and heir of John Ward, 2nd Viscount Dudley and Ward of Dudley, they had married in 1803 and St.Paul was gifted valuable properties and mines at Windmill End, Netherton.
Sir Horace St. Paul inherited the title and the bulk of his father's estate after his death on 10 October, 1840.
He served as Conservative Member of Parliment Worcestershire East from 1837-1841.
Horace married Jane Eliza Grey 24 April 1867, they had one child, his wife died in 1881, how much time he spent at Ellowes is unknown but at some point he moved back to Ewart Park where he died on 28th May, 1891.
1891-1919 John Lloyd Gibbons.
Engineering Surveyor.
MP for Wolverhampton South 1898 to 1900.
1919-1923 Charles Thomas Mitchell.
1923-1946 Henry Nock.
1946-1963 Nock family.
There were extended periods when the Hall was unoccupied.
The Ellowes was used by the Home Guard during the Second World War.
The Hall was demolished in 1964 when a fire started by vandals had left the building unsafe.


Moden Hill Lodge.
This was the main entrance to Ellowes Hall, the Grecian style lodge that stood at the entrance no longer exists but would have been situated just to the right of the iron gates.
From the main entrance, the old coach road continues for half a mile, much of it still exists, although a little overgrown, there is plenty evidence of the sandstone walling that skirted both sides of the coachway, the drive now terminates at the small pools which were once a central feature of the landscaped gardens.
A short distance after the pools, the drive would have originally swept up and away to the left up to the elevated frontage of the Hall
The left iron gatepost still remains with a small section of ornate railings and stone wall, this gives an indication of how this gateway feature would have looked.
The ornate diamond X design seen on the gatepost is used as an emblem on the Ellowes school badge.
A view of 'The Pool - Ellowes Hall' circa 1920/30s
(John Price Postcard).
The top pool of three small ornamental pools that follow a ravine towards the dingle on the Ellowes Hall estate.
A view of the Pool today (2016).
Now green with algae and rather overgrown, the other two pools are almost empty and show little signs of their previous splendour.


The 'Sugar Well', now overgrown and surrounded by new housing

Another remaining feature of the estate is the 'Sugar Well' so named because of the particularly sweet water which fed the ornamental pools, the pools and well are still in existence.

In the Rookery to the South of the Hall, five artificial caves formed an unusual subterranean folly.
The caves were about ten feet in diameter and built of Gornal Stone with short interconnecting passageways, each cave was decorated with animal bones and each had an outside entrance.

West Lodge.
The West Lodge provided an entrance from Cotwall End Road, this was an ornate stone built cottage.
The lodge was occupied by the Flavell family c1900.


Holloway Lodge.
The Lodge and eastern trade entrance to the Hall was from Holloway Street, this track led down to the rear of the Hall.
The track later became 'Holloway Street West' and the Lodge was on the corner where it meets with Holloway Street.
Holloway Street West now terminates at a small trading estate on the right.
The two story lodge had a single bedroom upstairs, downstairs incorporated a living room, scullery and toilet.
Holloway Lodge was demolished in the 1940s.
Hidden among the undergrowth, a brick-built icehouse which was inset into the steep bank below the Hall.
A couple of steps led down into the icehouse which was about ten feet in diameter and circular, it had a domed roof.
The Icehouse is clearly marked on the Ordinance Survey map of 1881.
Presently the icehouse is on private property and the entrance has been bricked up
The overgrown icehouse which once served the Hall. The entrance is now bricked up, the top of the arched entrance can just be seen.
Oddments.
Ellowes takes its name from 'Ellen Valle' (Valley), this is marked on a 18th century map of 'Gwarnell' as running along the low lying area of the Cotwall End valley or 'dingle' which the Hall overlooked.

Cora Goffin, 1902-2004.
from an old cigarette card.

Some scenes of the silent film short 'Romance & Reality' (1921) starring Cora Goffin was filmed at the Hall.
Charles Mitchell was the owner at that time, a fete in the grounds was used for one of the crowd scenes, the film, directed by Harry Lambert, appears to have long since disappeared.

Local legend has it that the 'Grey Lady' haunts the Ellowes grounds and School, she is said to have drowned in the pool after a coach overturned at the bottom of the drive.
Apparitions and ghostly sounds of galloping horses have been reported.
Who was the 'Grey Lady'?

A small farm called 'Abbey Farm', in the grounds near the gully from the ornamental ponds was partly destroyed by fire in 1919.
The Farm was little used after this time, the ruins were demolished to make way for the new school playing fields in 1966.

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