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Mining
Other local collieries and pits.
Abbey Colliery.
Listed in Pigots Directory of 1835, Greenaway, Guest and Russell, Gornal Wood. 'Wood Colliery'.
A partnership between William Guest, Cornelius Guest and Isaac Collins was dissolved in October 1843,
They were carrying on the business of Butty Miners at the Abbey Colliery, William and Cornelius Guest continued on without Collins.
The Abbey Farm Colliery Co. in Abbet Street, was listed n a trade directory in 1936.
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Swan Colliery, Lower Gornal (1870's).

The London Gazette, 11 August 1905.

NOTICE is hereby given, that the Partnership heretofore subsisting between us, the undersigned, Elisha Marsh, of Lower Gornal, in the county of Stafford, Victualler, John Robinson, of Dudley, in the county of Worcester, Miner, and William Leech, of Dudley aforesaid, Miner, carrying on business as Colliery Proprietors, at Lower Gornal aforesaid; under the style or firm of the SWAN COLLIERY COMPANY, has been dissolved by mutual consent, as and from the 24th day of June, 1905.  All debts due to and owing by the said late firm will be received and paid by the said Elisha Marsh.
- Dated 27th day of July, 1905.
ELISHA MARSH, WILLIAM LEECH, JOHN ROBINSON.
In 1851, Thomas and Isaac Badger were listed as coalmasters at the Swan Colliery, Gornall wood. [Slater Directory].
The Swan Colliery Co. mentioned in 1880
The Swan Colliiery was later owned by Elisha Marsh, John Robinson and William Leech, this partnership was disolved in 1905.

1902 newspaper report.

OF INTERST TO MINERS
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At Sedgley, on Monday, John Robinson of the Swan Colliery, Lower Gornal was sued by Thomas Hickinbotham, a miner, of Dudley, for wages amounting to 4 4s in lieu of notice. The case for the plaintiff was that he had for seven weeks been in the employ of the defendant at a wage of 7s a day. In the middle of a week plaintiff was told that there was no more work for him, but no reason whatever was given for the dismissal. -In reply to the Bench, plaintiff admitted that he did not work every day in each week whilst he was employed at the colliery, and the magistrates, in the circumstances said the plaintiff could not legally claim the full amount. They gave a verdict for the plaintiff 3 10s and costs.

The Mercury, 20 June, 1902

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Smith's Lane Colliery, Lower Gornal.

The Lincolnshire Chronicle, 29 July 1884.

Two chartermasters, named John Hyde and Thomas Parkes, sustained shocking injuries on Friday at Smith's Lane Colliery, Lower Gornal, Sedgley, by an explosion of gas. The two men descended the pit for the purpose of preparing the workings for the men to resume work. They were indiscreet enough to use naked candles, instead of safety lamps, and an explosion of gas and cartridges followed. Both men were frightfully burned, and Hyde is in a precarious state.
John Hyde and Thomas Parkes, chartermasters, mentioned in a newspaper report 1884.
This location was was probably off 'Smithy' Lane, just over the border in the Parish of Pensnett.
Smithy Lane runs between Coopers Bank Road and the Cinder Road, a well know mining area.
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Furnace Colliery.
Mining index shows this colliery in Lower Gornal in 1945, proprietor Ernest Friend, employers address was 20 Roberts Street, it employing six men below and two men above ground.
The mining index at this time, also shows E. Friend as manager of Pit 1, 2 & 3 of the Dibdale workings.
The colliery was located south of Humphrey Street, Lower Gornal and appears to be mainly open-cast.
The mine was officially abandoned on 19 March 1965, but mining activity ceased well before this time.
Afterwards, this area was used as a municipal refuse tip and now is a public recreational area.
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Coopers Bank Colliery (1880's).
Shown on o/s 1881 map being on the western side of Coopers Bank Road.
1869, Thomas Webb; Oakes and Co.; Smith and Taylor; William Perry; were operating from here.
In 1880, the owner was William Webb.
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Old Park Colliery (1880's).
Shown on o/s 1881 map being between Cinder Road and the Forge Inn on Forge Lane, although this came under Pensnett.
Old Park No.3 owned by J Y Price & Co. Ltd and discontinued in 1944/45.
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The Birmingham Gazette, 20 December, 1915.

DUDLEY PIT FIRE
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FOUR HUNDRED MEN RENDERED IDLE.
The serious fire that broke out last week in Messrs. W. Parrish's No.60 Pit, Lower Gornal, Dudley, was overcome on Saturday, and the 400 men thrown out of work will be able to resume their labours in the course of a day or two.
Great difficulty was experienced in subduing the outbreak, and several attempts were rendered abortive by the smoke and fumes which came from the shafts when they were uncovered.
Other devices had to be arranged and on Saturday these proved successful, to the great delight of the residents of the district, as the output of fuel from this pit has for a long time been one of the largest in the locality.
Sandfield Colliery
(William Parrish & Company).
Henry Glaze & Co. had some interest here in 1880.
In 1878, there was a mention of 'Sand Field' Colliery, Kingswinford, whereas a partnership between Henry Glaze and Edgar John Ford carrying on business as Coal Masters was dissolved. [London Gazette]
In 1908 William Parrish employed 68 men below and 29 above and the Sandfield manager was H. J. Newey.
1908 - D. Hickman and Co., 'Sandfield Bridge Pit' mining index shows this .pit not worked by 1908.
H.S. Pitt & Co.
Pitt owned a large colliery at Shut End, Pensnett, employing in the region of 500 men in 1918
Sandfield No.4 was pumping only water in 1918.
The exact location of this colliery is not know but probably on the South side of the Himley Road off the Cinder Road near Sandfield Bridge just over the parish boundary in Pensnett.
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Coppice Colliery, Barrow Hill.
c1875
Below are two newspaper reports an explosion which occured on January 16th, 1877
One of the men killed was Nathanial Hale, better-known as 'skunney' of Gornal Wood.
Later that year John Newey & Co. of the Barrow Hill Coppice Colliery near Gornal, were charged with six infringments of the Mines Regulation Act, the consequence of three men who had died from the effects of the explosion.
The company was found guilty of the charges and fined.
An explosion of a dreadful nature has occurred at the Coppet [sic] Colliery, Lower Gornal, whereby five persons were shockingly injured. When the company of men were about to leave work a heavy fall of coal took place, which was followed by a dense volume of sulphur, which immediately exploded, scattering all the men that were in the vicinity. Five persons were found dreadfully injured, two of whom are in a dying state.

The South Wales Daily News, 18 January, 1877.

A sudden fall of coal took place on Tuesday afternoon at Messrs. Woodhall and Newey's colliery, Lower Gornal, and was followed by a rush of fire-damp, which ignited and exploded. Of the twenty miners at work in the pit at the time, fiver were seriously injured. Two of the injured men died died this morning. Two others are not expected to live.

The Western Times: Exeter, Friday 19 January, 1877.

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Gateacre Colliery,  off Temple Street.
c1920s
Proprietors in 1927 were Jones and Churmage, employing three men below and two men above ground.
Producing Coal, H & M, & Clay, Thick & Heathen.

The Birmingham Gazette, 9 July, 1923.

Two Men Killed by Fall of Earth.
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Two Miners-Joseph Jones, 63 Ruiton Street, Lower Gornal, and John Thomas Guest, Garden Walk, Lower Gornal - were on Saturday, killed while working at the Gateacre Colliery, Lower Gornal.
It appears that there was a sudden fall of dirt in the mine, which was an open one, and both men were burried alive.
When extricated, life was found to be extinct.

The London Gazette, 15 July, 1927.

In the Matter of a Deed of Assignment for the benefit of creditors, executed on the 27th day of May, 1927, by LUCY MILLS, trading as the GATACRE COLLIERY CO., of Temple-street, Lower Gornal, in the county of Stafford, Colliery Proprietor, and registered on the 2nd day of June, 1927.
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Some obscure Lower Gornal collieries mentioned in mining disasters taken from newspaper reports, inaccuracies are not ruled out.
Lessures Colliery? [Leasowes?] c1880s
A young man named Albert Edward Greenway met with a shocking death yesterday at the Lessures Colliery, Lower Gornal, Sedgley. Deceased and two colliers had been engaged in the workings, and when ascending the shaft in a cage, deceased was jerked out of the cage ad fell down the shaft. He was found at the bottom quite dead. His body was shockingly mutilated.

Manchester Courier, Friday December 12, 1884.

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Budgerfield? colliery c1870s
'Badger.."? Thomas and Isaac Badger were proprietors of the Swan Colliery c1850s -see earlier.
Could this of been the same colliery?
Two following newspaper accounts in 1874 of the death of Mr. Lowe in an unusual mining accident.
SHOCKING COLLIERY ACCIDENT. --On Thursday Mr.Lowe, coalmaster was assisting in sending a horse down his pit at Budgerfield colliery, Lower Gornal. The runner over the pit slipped, and the horse and Mr. Lowe were thrown into the pit, both being killed instantaneously.

Lloyds Weekly London Newspaper, December 13, 1874.

Mr. Lowe the owner of a gin-pit at Lower Gornal, met with his death yesterday, under rather singular circumstances, He had on the Tuesday purchased a horse, and yesterday had made all arrangements for lowering the animal to the bottom of the shaft, when it suddenly kicked violently, displacing "the runner" in consequence of which Mr. Lowe was precipitated down the shaft, and the horse after him. Both the man and the animal were killed on the spot.

The Birmingham Daily Post, Friday December 11, 1874.

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In Upper Gornal there were two major collieries:
Cartright & Co.
Mentioned in 1875 as a fireclay mining operation.
Cartwright and Co., Coal, Fire Clay & Ironstone. in 1896 were employing 40 men, 32 underground.
In 1908 Cartwright & Co., employed 25 below and 3 above, by 1917 they employed 20 below and 10 above ground, Drift No 4 employed 8 above and 3 below.
In 1923 E.P. Cartwright & Co. had at least three pits active for both fireclay and coal, one of them a drift, employing around thirty men total.
John Waterfield & Co.
Mentioned in 1875 as a fireclay mining operation.
John Waterfield & Co., Coal & Fire Clay, in 1896 were employing 21 men, 18 underground.
1908 Waterfield employed 20 men below ground and 6 above, by 1918 this was 20 below ground and 18 above.
1880, Harvey and Fithern are mentioned in the mining index at Upper Gornal.
Enoch Harvey, Coal & Ironstone, this was a minor undertaking in 1896 employing only 8 men.
Pigots Directory of 1835, lists:
Adam and David Hales, Coalmasters, Gornall.
Wood Colliery, Greenaway, Guest & Russell, Gornal Wood.
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