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E.P. Cartwright & Co., Upper Gornal
London Gazette 7 January 1887
On old maps, two brick works existed before the 1880s in the vicinity of Upper Gornal Colliery.
One of the works at the top end of Jews Lane disappeared by the 1920s, the other works to the north east - just off the Dudley Road disappeared sometime between then and the 1940s.
One or both of these brick works would have belonged to E.P Cartwright & Co. Fireclay Works, and brick manufacturers, Edward Parkes Cartwright is listed in trade directories of 1834, 1839 and 1865 as a brick maker.
He is described in a trade directory of 1851 as a 'fire-brick and clay works, and mine proprietor'.
According to Kelly's directory of 1940, E.P.Cartwright & Co., was then a branch of Gibbons (Dudley) Ltd. (Dibdale Works)
Working in the brick yards was hard and many local women and children were employed in the manual tasks.
This report from 1842 describes children's duties and wellbeing whilst employed at E.P. Cartwright's brick works, Jews Lane, Upper Gornal.
Depositions taken at Mr. CARTRIGHT's Fire-brick and Fire-clay Works, in Upper Gornal.
May 26. Jane Milward, age “going a 13:” >br /> Works at the kiln; bears off; is page to one of the women that makes bricks, who pays her 3s.6d. to 4s. a-week; works from about six in the morning till about seven at night, with half an hour for breakfast and an hour for dinner; goes home to tea; carries two bricks at a time: they are very heavy, but not too heavy for her; carries 1000 bricks up in the day, sometimes 1500. Cannot read; likes her work; never feels any pains anywhere; Is never beaten; has worked here two years come Whitsuntide.
Not well grown, but straight and well made; healthy; clean (except from the clay); clothed suitably.
Prudence Milward, aged 10, her sister, worked with her as a page and got 2s. a-week. These two, being little, did the work of one page.
May 26. Elisa Harris, aged 18 “nearly:”
Makes bricks out of the clay; comes to work at six and half-past six, and leaves at six at night. Time for meals the same as the foregoing witness. Can make 500 bricks in a day, and bear them off herself, besides carrying her clay; does not have a page to do the carrying and bearing work, because the stove where she works happens to be too small. Has the more money for this, because she does the page's work besides her own; does not feel very tired at might; has worked here above four years; has been apprenticed to the master; was apprenticed for three years; the time is just out; gets 9s. a-week in full work; does not feel any pains now except a little in the side sometimes. Can read in the Testament, and is learning to write; goes to a night-school.
Well grown, straight, graceful, thin, healthy, clean, suitably clothed.
May 26. Elisa Wasdale, aged 10:
Is page to one of the brick-makers, Ann Mob'ly [Mobberley], the moulder; gets 3s., 3s.6d., and 4s. a-week; the master pays her; works from six in the morning till seven and eight; likes her work; is never beaten to hurt; only a little smack from Ann Mob'ly; carries from 500 to 800 bricks in the day. Goes to a Methodist Sunday-school sometimes, but sometimes has to attend at the brick-kiln, because the fires have to be kept in; all the moulders and their pages have to go.
Well grown, healthy, straight, clean, and suitably clothed.
May 16. James Gorden, aged 16:
Helps his father to burn bricks; works from six till six, with half an hour for breakfast and an hour for dinner; likes his work; can read and write; goes to a night-school to learn to write; goes to the Independent Dissenters' Sunday-school at Ruiton. [He says] There were 12 Apostles, Mathew, Mark, Luke, &c. Forty pence are 3s. 4d.; four pints make one gallon.
Very well grown; healthy; perfectly straight; clean; suitably clothed.
Extracts from: Appendix to the Second Report of the Commissioners for Inquiring into the Employment and Condition of Children in Mines and Manufactories, 1842.
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